What is Sintered Ceramic?

There are times we are asked “what is sintered ceramic?” so we thought we would help explain that to you today. You may have also heard it called man-made stone, artificial stone, sintered stone or ultra-compact surface.

Sintered ceramic is formed by heat and extreme pressure without melting to the point of liquefaction. Simplified, it is an accelerated version of what happens in nature over millions of years to create natural stone.

The process relies on using natural materials, ground down to small particles and then compacted under heat and pressure.

It starts with natural ingredients such as: Silica, Quartz, Feldspars, Clays and Mineral pigments.

The mix of powdered or sand materials determines strength, hardness, chemical stability, and workability. The ingredients are processed under extreme heat and a pressure of more than the weight of the Eiffel Tower to form one solid slab. It is fired in the kiln/oven at 1200 degrees to dry out and in doing so is baked and the particles are fused together.

Because the slab is made from natural materials, it is UV resistant. And, because it is put under such pressure and heat, it is highly resistant to scratching, extreme temperatures, water and stains. To find out more about Ceramitex – Sintered Ceramic Facade System go to our contact page and send us a message today.

 

If you have any trouble viewing the video – you can click the link to check out the first video in our Elemex Vlog Series

Hello and welcome to today’s episode. Today we are going to talk about exterior corners.
Here at Elemex, we prefer mitered corners on all our surfaces. As you can see by the examples, the mitered corner gives a striking dimensional appearance to any returning edge.

Open or butt corners are often used in the industry and here are a few samples of what that might look like.
The negatives about an open corner are that you can see into the system and see the insulation or framing behind the panels. This takes away from the exterior appearance.

Also an open joint system allow a lot more moisture into the system as snow and rain can go directly into the wall cavity.
Our prefabricated panels will keep your corners looking straight and not have to deal with lining up miters on site during installation.

What is Corten? Weathered steel is often referred to as corten and it usually takes 2-4 years to reach the rusty patina look.
Here is an example of an untreated piece of metal that has been exposed to moisture. As you can see – the material can be affected and stained by moisture or oils.

Another issue with the corten steel is that it can lead to rust staining on other parts of your building nearby.
You have probably noticed buildings with the look of corten as the rust develops naturally. The issue is that sometimes it is so unpredictable and uneven that it makes the building look shabby instead of aged. There are products on the market that can replicate the look without the mess and unforeseeable outcome.

Ceramitex includes an Iron Corten pattern that you could use on your building. It is very durable and has the look of corten from day one with the bonus of not fading or changing over time. As you can see how easily damaged real corten can get damaged versus Ceramitex.

If you have any trouble viewing the video – you can click the link to check out the third video in our Elemex Vlog Series

Today we are going to discuss the definition of efflorescence. Efflorescence occurs when salt migrates to the surface of a porous material like concrete, brick, stone or stucco and forms a coating. Salt that is dissolved in water or another liquid solution will move to the porous surface and then evaporate which leaves a coating of salt. It sometimes travels through the masonry or other construction material and occasionally it is already in the material and the water penetrates and moves it to the surface. This crystalline deposit of salts may appear white or have a grayish tint and often sparkles a bit.

The word efflorescence means “to flower out” in French and in these cases it is salt flowering out of the surfaces. These are samples of primary efflorescence which causes staining. Sub-efflorescence, also known as spalling, is much more expensive to fix and we cover that issue in another episode. Cleaning of the surface is often temporary and not necessarily a cure for future recurrence.

Using a facade like Ceramitex is a way of avoiding the issue altogether. The sintered ceramic is not porous like many masonry materials and repels water from the surface.

To see more about the Ceramitex or other Elemex facade systems, visit our website or contact a representative for more information.

Today we are going to talk about the definition and comparison of spalling. Spalling is the pitting, flaking, delaminating or cracks that appear in concrete or bricks when the temperature goes below freezing and the moisture trapped inside expands. It can even be caused by the embedded steel reinforcement bars corroding and causing stress on the surrounding concrete. Over the course of years this will worsen and could even lead to structural issues.

Spalling is not attractive and makes a building look unmaintained. It could potentially be hazardous as falling debris or trip hazards and the appearance lowers the value of the property.

Ceramitex – sintered ceramic facade system is a perfect choice for a durable exterior that won’t crack or delaminate as the sintering process of high heat and pressure doesn’t allow moisture to penetrate the surface. It is also graffiti, scratch and impact resistant.

To see more about the Ceramitex or other Elemex facade systems, visit our website or contact a representative for more information.

Today we are going to discuss color trends. We thought we would share some of our favorite and trending colors and tell you a bit about them.

Ceramitex is offered in solid colors, some that appear to be marble and others even look like wood. Some of the colors currently trending are Iron Corten and Trilium. The Satin finish is highly resistant and ideal for commercial applications.

Stonitex is our natural stone façade made of a granite surface. Some of the colors currently trending are American Black, Cambrian Black & Bethel White, some real classics.

You can see how well the various colors work with metal or stone surfaces.

With the colors of aluminum plate virtually endless and the ability to mix with natural stone as well, there are so many beautiful combinations available. Which combination will you choose?

For more information on color availability, visit our website or contact a representative for more information.

Today we will be talking about our Tru-90 -our precision route & return fabrication process for aluminum plate. This  delivers a superior aesthetic that requires no welding or grinding.

You can see the traditional Bullnose Edge which was the conventional method. This method is more labor involved and expensive as it requires welding and grinding.

Now we offer the Tru-90 Edge which is a more modern innovation for a clean finished look to the project. It also allows for a variety of facade panels including sintered ceramic, ACM, and natural stone to share the same look with a sharp clean edge on the return.

If you would like to find out more information about Tru-90 Aluminum Plate – you can contact a representative today.

A surface that is a challenge to keep clean can be frustrating so when it comes to your exterior cladding choice, we want to offer a durable product that is easy to maintain. Ceramitex -Sintered Ceramic Facade System does not require any special care and it is very easy to keep clean.

General cleaning just involves washing with water or a diluted, household detergent such as dishwashing liquid, which is enough to restore the surface to its original condition. Occasionally deeper cleaning might be needed especially following installation when cement may be left on the surface. Power washing at medium pressure is also an effective way of removing any deposits of dirt and grime.

Not all building facades warrant the same amount of care and attention. A buildings location, function, geographic and atmospheric conditions all play roles in determining the level of cleaning effort necessary to achieve the desired appearance.

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Solstex by Elemex is a revolutionary facade system that enables designers and architects to incorporate lightweight, large-format photovoltaic panels into a building’s facade instead of on its roof. This unparalleled design flexibility is enhanced by the ability to be seamlessly integrated with the various Elemex facade systems including: Ceramitex – Sintered Ceramic, Alumitex (Plate or ACM) and Stonitex – Natural Stone.

Solstex leverages high-efficiency, weather-resistant photovoltaic panels that not only reduce your building’s carbon footprint, but also generate LEED credits and savings that cover the cost of installation within 10-12 years.

Solstex – Solar Facade System

  • reduces your building’s dependence on fossil fuels
  • generates up to 16.9 W/sq. ft.
  • earns up to five LEED credits
  • covers the cost of installation in 10-12 years
  • exceeds IEC standards in high temperature, high humidity, and extreme weather

With Solstex, your building will be uniquely designed to harness the power of the sun.

If you would like more information about our Solstex – Solar Facade System – you can check out the website at elemex.com or contact us at info@elemex.com.

Transit and High-Traffic Areas

Are you worried about protecting the exterior cladding for a project in a high traffic area? Whether you’re talking about an airport, a bus terminal, a train station or a busy downtown corner, Ceramitex® – Sintered Ceramic panels are ideal in high traffic areas as the sintered ceramic, unlike many other masonry materials, is non-porous. Ceramitex is made from natural materials and is UV resistant; it repels water and dirt, is easy to maintain and impervious to chemicals.

Ceramitex® panels are impact and scratch resistant, offering that added protection at street level on your transit or high traffic area project. Does your project require more than one type of facade panel such as Aluminum Plate or ACM in the design? Our Unity® attachment technology allows for seamless integration of a variety of facade panels on the same attachment platform, giving you multi-panel design freedom.

To learn more about why Elemex has the best cladding choice for your transit and high-traffic areas, check out our website today at www.elemex.com

Rainscreens

Today we will be talking about Rainscreens and specifically the difference between Drained and Back-Ventilated Rainscreens and Pressure-Equalized Rainscreens.

As a refresher a Rainscreen is the first line of defense against the elements.

A rainscreen system is an exterior wall detail where the cladding stands off from the water barrier applied to the sheathing to create a capillary break and to allow drainage and evaporation.

There are two types of rainscreens, first is the Drained and Back-Ventilated rainscreens (D/BV) and secondly is the Pressure-Equalized Rainscreens (PERS).

The biggest difference between the two is that Drained and Back-Ventilated rainscreens are traditionally an open joint system that allow you to see between the panels and see the cavity of the wall system. Exposing insulation and the Air-Vapor-Barrier to the elements and harmful UV rays.

A Pressure-Equalized Rainscreen has a closed joint via infill strips that act as air dams in both vertical and horizontal joints.

The air pressure equalizes and keeps rain and snow from getting driven into the wall cavity – This significantly reduces the amount of moisture that goes into our system. Our systems have passed the AAMA 508-07 test for pressure equalization.

If you have any questions regarding rainscreens and wish to speak to one of our experts please contact us at info@elemex.com or visit us at Elemex.com

NFPA 285 Fire Test

Ceramitex has passed rigorous North American testing and we, at Elemex, continue to acquire testing that allows us to build in high-velocity hurricane zones and other strong weather areas.

Today we are going to look at the NFPA 285 test being performed on the Ceramitex facade system.

The NFPA 285 is the test for the Evaluation of Fire Propagation Characteristics of Exterior Non-Load Bearing Wall Assemblies.

First, a wall is built that includes all of the components of the wall assembly. You can see that there is an opening in the middle of the wall which will be used to simulate a fire breaking out of a window and migrating to the building’s facade. The height measurements are noted on the surface.

Within minutes you can see the fire plume begin to exit the window, and at the 5-minute mark the exterior burner is ignited, which adds to the intensity of the flames on the wall assembly. Gas flow rates are increased throughout the testing period, to mimic a growing fire.

Gas flow rates and burner placements are critical for the uniform heat distribution requirements and temperature requirements specified in the testing standard.

The testing requires that the flame propagation is not high enough to ignite the floor above the floor of origin which prevents the assembly from acting as a chimney and causing fires that spread to multiple floors by way of the exterior of the building.

Conditions of acceptance include: flame height not exceeding 10 feet vertically or 5 feet horizontally from the center of the window head within the 30 minute time-frame, and temperature data during the test must not exceed the specified temperature.

You can see the full list of tests on our website and within the Spec Data sheet for all of our products including Ceramitex, Alumitex, Stonitex and Solstex.

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